The Lion of Babylon is a statue in the ancient city of Babylon featuring a Mesopotamian lion standing above a laying human. The statue became a national symbol for Iraq. The black basalt lion trampling a human would symbolize strength and resilience and is associated with the goddess Ishtar. It was discovered in 1876 by a German archaeological mission.
The Iraq national football team features the Lion of Babylon statue as its association crest. The team is known by its fans as Usūd al-Rāfidayn, the Lions of Mesopotamia. This is a reference to the famed Mesopotamian lion, which the aforementioned statue is based on. The Lion of Babylon was also an Iraqi locally manufactured T-72 battle tank during the late 1980s. The tank saw service in the 1991 Persian Gulf War as well as the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Some examples featuring the Lion of Babylon:
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